Different International cargo transportation methods



According to the different means of transportation used, international cargo transportation can be mainly divided into the following methods:

Different International cargo transportation methods

1、International sea cargo transportation

It refers to the use of ships to transport goods between ports in different countries and regions through sea routes. It has the characteristics of large passing capacity, large transportation volume, low freight, strong adaptability to cargo, low speed, and high risk. At present, more than two-thirds of the total international trade volume and 90% of my country’s total import and export freight volume are transported by sea.

2、International railway freight transport

It has the characteristics of strong transportation accuracy and continuity, fast transportation speed, large transportation volume, safety and reliability, low transportation cost, and large initial investment.

3、International road freight transport

It is one of the two basic modes of road transportation and one of the main modes of modern transportation. In international cargo transportation, it is an indispensable and important component. It is maneuverable, flexible, simple, and convenient, has a strong emergency response, has low investment, and has quick results. It is suitable for the development of container freight methods. However, vibration during operation can easily cause cargo damage accidents and high costs. High cost and other characteristics.

4、International air cargo transportation

It has the characteristics of fast speed, safety, and accuracy, simple procedures, saving packaging, insurance, interest, and storage costs, but small transportation volume and high freight price.

5、International container shipping

A container is a large cargo container that has a certain strength and rigidity and can be used repeatedly for a long time. It looks like a box and can be used to assemble groups of goods for turnover and is easy to operate and transport. Container transportation is a modern and advanced transportation method that uses containers as transportation units to transport goods.

6、International multimodal transport

It is produced and developed based on container transportation. It generally uses containers as the medium to organically combine traditional single transportation modes such as maritime shipping, railway shipping, railway transportation, air shipping, and inland water shipping to form a coherent process. , to complete the international transportation of goods.

International cargo transportation methods advantages and disadvantages

The advantages and disadvantages of export cargo transportation methods such as air shipping, sea shipping, sea-rail combined shipping, and railway shipping.

Air Shipping

Advantages: Short transportation time, suitable for goods with small volume and tight time requirements.

Disadvantages: The price is too expensive, which greatly increases the cost.

International cargo transportation

Sea Shipping

Advantages: Freight is relatively cheap.

Disadvantages: The transportation time is long, greatly affected by weather, and cannot be transported to inland countries and regions.

Sea & railway shipping

Sea-rail combined transport takes a long time, and the freight is generally only slightly cheaper than railway shipping.

Railway shipping

  1. Advantages: fast running speed, large load capacity, little influence from climate, strong accuracy and continuity, short transportation time, the railway network extends in all directions, and the transportation is quite flexible. If you export goods to Russia, Ukraine, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, North Korea and other countries, railway shipping is the best choice.
  2. Disadvantages: Since logistics costs have always been high, compared with sea shipping, the cost of railway shipping is still a bit high.

Railway shipping

  1. Advantages: Flexible, simple and convenient, strong emergency response, low investment, quick results
  2. Disadvantages: small load capacity, large vibration when the vehicle is running, easy to cause cargo damage accidents, and the cost is higher than water transportation and railway transportation.

Sea & air shipping

The cost is high. It is more cost-effective for urgent transshipment of goods or high-value goods. If you add land truck transshipment, you can reach anywhere in the world.

International cargo transportation


Due to geographical location, each country has a variety of transportation methods. Honza International Logistics Co., Ltd. specializes in sea transportation, air transportation, land transportation, express delivery, and multimodal transportation. With more than ten years of international cargo transportation experience, we have exported to various countries such as America, Europe, Southeast Asia, Africa, and Oceania. We have our transportation warehouse to collect goods, we can issue CO, FORM E/F, ECTN, and CHAFTA. We will develop suitable solutions for customers based on their situation. To learn more, welcome to consult.